A heritage of culture and history
Monuments of culture and history to this day bear witness to the long period of settled life in the region and to the building skill of the region's inhabitants, among which the antiquity period sites of Bribirska glavica and Roman-era Skardon stand out, as does the Šibenik fortifications of St. Michael, St. Ivan Šubićevac and St. Nicholas – the Knin fortress. The Šibenik Fortress itself was built in the 9th century while the city is first mentioned in 1066 in a donation made by Croatian King Petar Krešimir on account of which Šibenik is to this day called the City of Krešimir. The city was founded by Croatians more than a thousand years ago.
The city's streets and squares preserve some of the most valuable works of art in Dalmatia among which are counted the city hall, a masterpiece of Croatian architecture while St. Jacob's Cathedral, the 15th century master work of Juraj Dalmatinac is on UNESCO's list of protected monuments of world historical heritage. It was built over a period of 105 years entirely of stone from the islands of Brač and Korčula. Šibenik was the first city to coin its own money under Venetian rule.
The picturesque town of Primošten was built on an island during the time of Turkish conquest and was protected by walls, towers and a retractable bridge linking it to the mainland. The isthmus was later filled with land, turning Primošten from a small island into a peninsula.
Knin has for ages been on the crossing of routes and as such a place of strategic importance. It was from time to time the seat of Croatian kings – Trpimir, Držislav, Zvonimir and Petar, and was also the seat of an archbishopric that reached up to the River Drava.
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