Natural heritage - animal world
The information that 73 percent of amphibians and about 87 percent of reptiles in all of Croatia can be found in Kvarner, that the Island of Krk alone has 30 percent of the autochthonous species of amphibians and reptiles, that it represents the island with the greatest number of these species of animal groups in the Mediterranean, that the Kvarner region has 14 species of snakes registered and that 81 species of mammals live in this area, two thirds of the total number of mammals in Croatia, is only one confirmation of the ecologically preserved animal heritage.
Of the 114 species of birds, which at a European level are considered endangered, 83 species come to the Kvarner region. Golden eagles, Griffon vultures, Grey hawks, Booted eagles, Snake eagles, grouses and owls nest here, while in the forests of Gorski kotar and coastal hills and mountains there still live bears, wolves, lynxes, foxes, jackals, wild cats, badgers, martens, deer, does, chamois and more than 500 types of butterflies. The Ecological centre “Caput Insulae” which was founded in 1993 in the locality Beli, ensures the long-term protection of Griffon vultures, one of four species of flying vultures which still live in Europe on the Island of Cres. The Brown bear live in the forests of Gorski kotar, while a special sea attraction is the Mediterranean seal and the well known delicious Kvarner scampi which are a gastronomic delight.
The aquatorium of the islands of Cres and Lošinj are a protected dolphin habitat, which guests and visitors may also “adopt”. This encourages their protection on which systematic work has been carried out since 1987, when the action for research of dolphins and the sea with the objective of protection of all endangered species and revalorisation of their worth commenced.
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